Anterior Compartment Syndrome in Runners

Running might appear like a simple activity to take up to improve fitness. However, it is not quite as simple as it may appear with some studies finding that up to 70% of runners get an injury each year. Depending upon how bad that injury is and just how it is taken care of, many runners just give up and do not continue to run. The factors that cause running injury are multiple however they are related to problems for example doing too much running too soon before allowing your body to adapt to the increased degrees of exercise. Inadequate running shoes with characteristics which do not match up those of the runners needs may also be a factor. Problems with foot biomechanics and also the running technique can also be issues at raising the possibility for an injury.

A good example of an overuse injury is anterior compartment syndrome . There is fibrous fascia around muscles which hold the muscles in position. If this fascia is tight, when we exercise the muscle would want to expand but that tight fascia inhibits it. That compression within the fascia compartment might be painful. In anterior compartment syndrome, this involves the muscles in the front of the lower leg. The most common reason behind this problem is what is called overstriding. In this the runner is hitting the ground with their leading leg too far in ahead of the body. To lower the foot to the ground, the anterior leg muscles have to work harder. As they keep working harder, the muscles expand and if the fascia doesn't allow it, then this may become painful. It will only hurt when running and will not be painful when not running. The simplest way to treat anterior compartment syndrome to use techniques for the runner to shorten their stride length to ensure the front foot doesn't contact the ground too far in front of the body when running.

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